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October 4, 2023 8:18 am

Why Canada day is celebrated on 1st July

Canada Day, also known as Dominion Day, is celebrated on July 1st each year in Canada. The date commemorates the anniversary of the enactment of the Constitution Act, 1867, which united the three separate colonies of the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia into a single Dominion within the British Empire.

On July 1, 1867, the Constitution Act, 1867 (formerly known as the British North America Act, 1867), came into effect, creating the Dominion of Canada. This act established Canada as a federal dominion, giving it a significant level of autonomy while remaining a part of the British Empire.

The choice of July 1st as the date for Canada Day was primarily due to historical reasons.

Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada), formerly known as Dominion Day (French: Fête du Dominion), is the national day of Canada. A federal statutory holiday, it celebrates the anniversary of Canadian Confederation which occurred on July 1, 1867, with the passing of the British North America Act, 1867, when the three separate colonies of the United Canadas, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into a single dominion within the British Empire called Canada.

Originally called Dominion Day (French: Le Jour de la Confédération), the holiday was renamed in 1982, the same year that the Canadian constitution was patriated by the Canada Act, 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom.[3] Canada Day celebrations take place throughout the country, as well as in various locations around the world attended by Canadians living abroad.

Canada Day is often informally referred to as “Canada’s birthday”, particularly in the popular press.[8] However, the term “birthday” can be seen as an oversimplification, as Canada Day is the anniversary of only one important national milestone on the way to the country’s full sovereignty, namely the joining on July 1, 1867, of the colonies of Canada (divided into Ontario and Quebec), Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into a wider British federation of four provinces.[9] Canada became a “kingdom in its own right” within the British Empire, commonly known as the Dominion of Canada.

Although a British dominion, Canada gained an increased level of political control and governance over its own affairs, the British parliament and cabinet maintaining political control over certain areas, such as foreign affairs, national defence, and constitutional changes. Canada gradually gained increasing sovereignty over the years—notably with the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931—until finally becoming completely sovereign with the passing of the Constitution Act, 1982, which served to fully patriate the Canadian constitution.

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