The Fact News Service
Ludhiana, May 15
With the rising interest of farmers in the parmal rice varieties, PR 128 and PR 129, experts at Punjab Agricultural University, have lauded the enthusiastic response of state farmers towards the adoption of new technologies and innovations including varieties.
Dr. GS Mangat, Principal Rice Breeder and Head, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PAU, while urging farmers to sow small but authentic plots of new varieties in this season and expand their acreage on merit in the next season, advised them to not buy the seed from unauthenticated sources.
Giving further details, Dr. Mangat said that PR 128 and PR 129 give optimal yield when transplanted after June 20 and provide sufficient time for paddy straw management without burning. PR 128 matures in about 111 days after transplanting while PR 129 takes about 108 days to mature after transplanting. This period is about 3 weeks shorter than the duration of PUSA 44 and at par with PR 121, PR 124 and PR 114. The new varieties have the potential to replace long duration varieties and help conserve water resources particularly in districts showing rapid water table decline. Both varieties are resistant to all the 10 presently prevalent pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen in the Punjab state.
The average paddy yield of PR 128 is 30.5 quintals per acre while that of PR 129 is 30.0 quintals per acre. The total (milled) rice recoveries and head rice recoveries of both the varieties have been found to be at par with the popular rice varieties. Both the varieties meet the out-turn ratio of raw rice fixed at 67% by the Government of India. Both the varieties are distinct from PAU 201 variety of paddy.
Dr. Mangat further suggested that only the seed of the varieties produced by PAU should be used by the farmers this season. He added that farmers should not be misled by the unrealistic yield claims made by the seed sellers.