Pulses are an essential part of human diet in Punjab, the area under pulses has been reduced due to the adoption of crop rotation of wheat and paddy by the farmers in general. Due to continuous population growth and stagnation in pulses production, per capita consumption of pulses has come down from 70 grams to 27 grams, which is far below the World Health Organization’s daily per capita consumption of 80 grams.
In Gurdaspur district, at one time the mother of Riarki area was famous. No such social or religious function is complete in Punjab unless it is the pulse of the month. Whenever there is a meal on a dhaba outside, the dal of the month is given priority, whether it is dal makhani or morning daal. So the area can be increased keeping in view the demand of mothers. More benefits can be reaped if the enterprising farmers market their products directly to the consumers by packing their produce from one kg to five kg.
Summer months can also be cultivated as an intercrop in the sugarcane crop. By cultivating the summer months, where farmers can earn more income, the health of the land can also be improved. The following techniques should be adopted to get maximum yield from the summer months.
As the mango crop can withstand more heat than other pulses, it needs a warm climate for its cultivation. Soil with good drainage and sandy soil is very suitable for its cultivation. Two varieties Manh 1008 and Manh 218 are recommended for mango cultivation. The bean 1008 variety looks full and ripens uniformly and ripens in about 72 days. This variety is less susceptible to yellow spots and leaf blight. Its average yield is 4.5 quintals per acre. The Mango 2018 variety matures in about 75 days and the average yield is 4.00 quintals per acre.
Generally, farmers use 10-15 kg seed per acre due to which the yield is less so to get higher yield 20 kg seed per acre should be used. It was sown at 22.5 cm from March 15 to the first week of April. In wide rows and plant to plant spacing 4.5 cm. Should be kept. At the time of sowing 11 kg urea and 60 kg single super phosphate fertilizer should be drilled. After plucking the potatoes, the mother can be cultivated without the use of any fertilizer.
It is recommended to do the first weeding 4 weeks after sowing and the second 2 weeks after sowing to prevent weeds. In addition, one liter of pendimethalin 30 EC should be applied within two days after sowing to control seasonal grasses and broadleaf weeds. Dissolution can be done by dissolving in 150-200 liters of water and spraying. Weeding should be done four weeks after sowing to prevent longevity depending on the weather and soil type, it is recommended to irrigate the mango crop 3-5 times. The crop should be irrigated 25 days after the first irrigation and 60 days after the last irrigation.
Insects: The beetle bites and damages the leaves, pods and flowers of the mango tree. Its attack can be detected by damaged leaves, holes in beans, dark green stalks on the ground under the weeds. Spinosad 45 SC or 200 ml is recommended at the onset of the pest control attack. Endoscarb 14.5 SC or 800 g Acephate 75 SP per acre can be done by spraying in a solution of 80-100 liters of water with a Knapsack pump. Repeat spraying if needed.
Tobacco locusts: Small locusts are black and large locusts are dark green. Small locusts feed on the green females of the leaves in flocks and filter the leaves. Large locusts damage leaves as well as stems, flowers and pods. Sow the crop on time to control this pest. Prevent diarrhea, especially itching. Eliminate weeds by destroying the affected plant during the initial attack. If the infestation is severe, spray 150 ml of Nuvacron 10 EC or 800 g of Acephate 75 SPs in 1.5 liters of Chloropyrifos in 100 liters of water and repeat if required.