Himachal Pradesh government has declared black fungus (mucormycosis) an epidemic for a year. State health secretary Amitabh Awasthi on Friday issued a notification declaring the black fungus an epidemic. Under which all public and private hospitals will follow the guidelines issued from time to time by the Union Ministry of Health, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) for screening and management of black fungus. No person, or organization will be able to disseminate any information or material regarding black fungus without the approval of the Department of Health. A committee headed by the Chief Medical Officer would be constituted in each district to ensure compliance and monitoring of the epidemic rules.
The first case of black fungus was reported recently at the local Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital. A 52-year-old Corona-positive woman was diagnosed with black fungus infection by the hospital management. Since then, the state government has been vigilant about black fungus. The Union government had also directed all the states and Union Territories to declare it an epidemic. Under this, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Telangana, Tamil Nadu have so far implemented it. Now Himachal has also issued a notification in this regard.
Studies so far have shown that corona patients who use steroids uncontrollably and suffer from diseases such as diabetes and having low immunity have a higher risk of developing black fungus. These fungi present in the environment enter the body through inhalation and wounds which can later prove fatal. It can cause blindness. Other symptoms include fever, headache, cough, shortness of breath, bloody vomiting, pain and redness around the eyes or nose, blisters, darkening of the skin, pain in the eyes, blurred vision, abdominal pain, vomiting, etc.